Contact Information:

Media Contact

Fiona Downey
fiona.downey@concordia.ca
514-518-3336

Twitter: ConcordiaUnews

http://www.concordia.ca




Kredyty mieszkaniowe Kredyty mieszkaniowe

Sprawdź aktualny ranking najlepszych kredytów mieszkaniowych w Polsce - atrakcyjne kredytowanie nieruchomości.

PRESS-NEWS.org - Press Release Distribution
FREE PRESS RELEASES DISTRIBUTION
RSS - Press News Release
Add Press Release

New research: Teen smokers struggle with body-related shame and guilt

A Concordia University study finds that exercise may provide a promising solution to prevention and cessation


2015-08-19
(Press-News.org) There are fewer smokers in the current generation of adolescents. Current figures show about 25 per cent of teens smoke, down dramatically from 40 per cent in 1987. But are those who pick up the habit doing so because they have a negative self-image? Does the typical teenaged smoker try to balance out this unhealthy habit with more exercise? And if so, then why would an adolescent smoke, yet still participate in recommended levels of physical activity? A recent study, conducted in part at Concordia University and published in Preventive Medicine Reports, sought to answer these questions. The research was based on survey results from 1,017 young people -- smokers and non-smokers, mostly aged 16 or 17 -- whose level of physical activity was compared to current Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines and Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines. Levels of body-related guilt and shame were lowest among those who exercised regularly and never touched a cigarette. Smokers who were active and met the guidelines reported higher levels of body-related guilt. The unhealthiest group -- non-active smokers --- reported higher levels of body-related shame. "Guilt and shame are two distinct entities," says Erin O'Loughlin, a researcher with Concordia's Independent Program (INDI) department. "Shame is tied to self-perception and self-esteem, and reflects a negative evaluation of the self. Guilt has more to do with your actions and reflects a negative evaluation of a specific behaviour -- in this case, smoking. Guilt may elicit reparative action such as being physically active, and it may be what is driving young smokers to get moving." But the compulsion to exercise exhibited by the smoking test subjects tended to be tied to a desire to bulk up, especially in males. In fact, the study's findings reflect a trend among young men who desire a more muscular physique: a higher percentage of the active smokers were indeed male, and reported trying to gain weight. "The irony is that the smoking might actually hinder muscle gain," says O'Loughlin. "Evidence has shown that smoking leads to more visceral fat in the stomach area." Teenaged girls are still more likely to see tobacco as an appetite suppressant. What they often fail to recognize is that going for regular brisk walks can reduce cigarette cravings and help them attain a healthy weight at the same time.

While the proportion of teenaged smokers has declined in the past few decades, this drop levelled off in recent years. O'Loughlin says that one promising route to smoking prevention and cessation may be through an increase in physical activity, and that public health practitioners should continue to encourage all young people to exercise more often. "Both the active smokers and active non-smokers in the study did about the same amount of physical activity -- so teenagers shouldn't be discouraged from exercise just because they happen to smoke. If they discover that it helps them reduce cigarette cravings, they are on the right track."

INFORMATION:

Partners in research: The study was supported in part by the Canadian Cancer Society and the Institut national de santé publique du Québec. This work was in collaboration with the Université de Sherbrooke, the Université de Montréal and the University of Toronto.

Related link: Individualized Program (INDI), School of Graduate Studies, Concordia: http://www.concordia.ca/academics/graduate/calendar/current/sgs/indi.html


ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:

Female fish genitalia evolve in response to predators, interbreeding

Female fish genitalia evolve in response to predators, interbreeding
2015-08-19
Female fish in the Bahamas have developed ways of showing males that "No means no." In an example of a co-evolutionary arms race between male and female fish, North Carolina State University researchers show that female mosquitofish have developed differently sized and shaped genital openings in response to the presence of predators and - in a somewhat surprising finding - to block mating attempts by males from different populations. "Genital openings are much smaller in females that live with the threat of predators and are larger and more oval shaped in females ...

Computer models show significant tsunami strength for Ventura and Oxnard, California

Computer models show significant tsunami strength for Ventura and Oxnard, California
2015-08-19
RIVERSIDE, Calif. - Few can forget the photos and videos of apocalyptic destruction a tsunami caused in 2011 in Sendai, Japan. Could Ventura and Oxnard in California be vulnerable to the effects of a local earthquake-generated tsunami? Yes, albeit on a much smaller scale than the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami, according to computer models used by a team of researchers, led by seismologists at the University of California, Riverside. According to their numerical 3D models of an earthquake and resultant tsunami on the Pitas Point and Red Mountain faults - faults located ...

Social media is transforming emergency communications -- Ben-Gurion U. study

2015-08-19
BEER-SHEVA, Israel...August 19, 2015 - Social media channel communication (e.g. Twitter and Facebook) is sometimes the only telecommunications medium that survives, and the first to recover as seen in disasters that struck the world in recent years, according to a review study of emergency situations by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers in the International Journal of Information Management. "Communication is one of the fundamental tools of emergency management, and it becomes crucial when there are dozens of agencies and organizations responding to ...

Drought implicated in slow death of trees in southeast's forests

Drought implicated in slow death of trees in southeasts forests
2015-08-19
DURHAM, N.C. -- It's obvious drought can kill trees. But a new Duke University study of nearly 29,000 trees at two research forests in North Carolina reveals it's not always a swift or predictable end. "This is the first research to show that declines in tree growth during a drought can significantly reduce long-term tree survival in Southeastern forests for up to a decade after the drought ends," said Aaron Berdanier, a Ph.D. student in forest ecology at Duke's Nicholas School of the Environment, who led the study By identifying the species at highest risk and ...

This week from AGU: California tsunami, air pollution, Indian Ocean & 4 papers

2015-08-19
GeoSpace New study shows significant tsunami strength for parts of Southern California A new simulation of tsunamis generated by earthquake faults off the Santa Barbara coast demonstrates a greater potential for tsunami inundation in the cites of Ventura and Oxnard than previously thought, according to a new study in Geophysical Research Letters. Scientists track air pollution by meal times Cars and trucks shouldn't take all of the blame for air pollution in Hong Kong. Smoke from cooking adds more of a specific type of pollution - organic aerosols - to the city's ...

Supercomputers listen to the heart

2015-08-19
New supercomputer models have come closer than ever to capturing the behavior of normal human heart valves and their replacements, according to recent studies by groups including scientists at the Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences (ICES) at The University of Texas at Austin and the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Iowa State University. The studies focused on how heart valve tissue responds to realistic blood flow. The new models can help doctors make more durable repair and replacement of heart valves. "At the core of what we do is the development ...

Hypertensive patients benefit from acupuncture treatments, UCI study finds

2015-08-19
Irvine, Calif., Aug. 19, 2015 -- Patients with hypertension treated with acupuncture experienced drops in their blood pressure that lasted up to a month and a half, researchers with the Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine have found. Their work is the first to scientifically confirm that this ancient Chinese practice is beneficial in treating mild to moderate hypertension, and it indicates that regular use could help people control their blood pressure and lessen their risk of stroke and heart disease. "This clinical study is the culmination of more than a ...

The pronoun I is becoming obsolete

2015-08-19
Don't look now, but the pronoun "I" is becoming obsolete. Recent microbiological research has shown that thinking of plants and animals, including humans, as autonomous individuals is a serious over-simplification. A series of groundbreaking studies have revealed that what we have always thought of as individuals are actually "biomolecular networks" that consist of visible hosts plus millions of invisible microbes that have a significant effect on how the host develops, the diseases it catches, how it behaves and possibly even its social interactions. "It's a case ...

Mystery of exploding stars yields to astrophysicists

2015-08-19
A longstanding mystery about the tiny stars that let loose powerful explosions known as Type Ia supernovae might finally be solved. For decades, astronomers have debated whether one white dwarf star, or two, is necessary for firing up this particular kind of supernova. The answer is not merely academic. Understanding the nitty-gritty physics and diversity of Type Ia supernovae will help illuminate our study of the evolution of galaxies and the strange cosmic force known as dark energy. "It's about understanding one of the ultimate mysteries about stars," Laura Chomiuk, ...

New research shows that hummingbird tongue is really a tiny pump

New research shows that hummingbird tongue is really a tiny pump
2015-08-19
In a paper titled Hummingbird tongues are elastic micropumps which appears in the August 19 issue of Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Alejandro Rico Guevara and Margaret Rubega from the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Tai-Hsi Fan from the School of Engineering, say that fluid is actually drawn into the tongue by the elastic expansion of the tongues grooves after they are squeezed flat by the beak. Their data shows that fifty years of research describing how hummingbirds and floral nectar have coevolved will have to be reconsidered. What is actually ...

LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:

How your brain decides blame and punishment -- and how it can be changed

Uniquely human brain region enables punishment decisions

Pinpointing punishment

Chapman University publishes research on attractiveness and mating

E-cigarettes: Special issue from Nicotine & Tobacco Research

Placental problems in early pregnancy associated with 5-fold increased risk of OB & fetal disorders

UT study: Invasive brood parasites a threat to native bird species

Criminals acquire guns through social connections

Restoring ocean health

Report: Cancer remains leading cause of death in US Hispanics

Twin study suggests genetic factors contribute to insomnia in adults

To be fragrant or not: Why do some male hairstreak butterflies lack scent organs?

International team discovers natural defense against HIV

Bolivian biodiversity observatory takes its first steps

Choice of college major influences lifetime earnings more than simply getting a degree

Dominant strain of drug-resistant MRSA decreases in hospitals, but persists in community

Synthetic biology needs robust safety mechanisms before real world application

US defense agencies increase investment in federal synthetic biology research

Robots help to map England's only deep-water Marine Conservation Zone

Mayo researchers identify protein -- may predict who will respond to PD-1 immunotherapy for melanoma

How much water do US fracking operations really use?

New approach to mammograms could improve reliability

The influence of citizen science grows despite some resistance

Unlocking secrets of how fossils form

What happens on the molecular level when smog gets into the lungs?

Using ultrasound to clean medical instruments

Platinum and iron oxide working together get the job done

Tiny silica particles could be used to repair damaged teeth, research shows

A quantum lab for everyone

No way? Charity's logo may influence perception of food in package

[Press-News.org] New research: Teen smokers struggle with body-related shame and guilt
A Concordia University study finds that exercise may provide a promising solution to prevention and cessation
Press-News.org is a service of DragonFly Company. All Rights Reserved.
Issuers of news releases are solely responsible for the accuracy of their content.