PRESS-NEWS.org - Press Release Distribution
FREE PRESS RELEASES DISTRIBUTION

Depressed and out of work? Therapy may help you find a job

Treatment also helps workers be more effective, study finds

2021-02-22
(Press-News.org) COLUMBUS, Ohio - If depression is making it more difficult for some unemployed people to land a job, one type of therapy may help, research suggests.

In a new study, 41% of unemployed or underemployed people undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) found a new job or went from part- to full-time work by the end of the 16-week treatment for depression.

Those who had a job but found it difficult to focus on and accomplish work tasks because of depression said the treatment helped to significantly reduce these problems.

"For the most part, researchers have focused on showing that therapy relieves symptoms of depression," said Daniel Strunk, co-author of the study and professor of psychology at The Ohio State University.

"But reducing symptoms isn't the only goal people have when they start CBT. Many are hoping to find a job or improve their productivity at their current job. Here we found that therapy can help people achieve these goals, as well."

Strunk conducted the study with Iony Ezawa and Graham Bartels, who were graduate students at Ohio State when the study was conducted. The research was published online this month in the journal Cognitive Behaviour Therapy.

This study involved 126 people who participated in a 16-week course of CBT at the Ohio State Depression Treatment and Research Clinic.

CBT teaches coping skills that help patients counteract and modify their negative beliefs, Strunk said.

"It works on the idea that people with depression invariably hold these overly negative views of themselves and their futures," he said.

"For example, if an unemployed patient doesn't get one job they interviewed for, they may think 'no one is ever going to hire me.'"

In this study, 27 patients were seeking to improve their employment status (land a job or go from part- to full-time) at the beginning of treatment. Eleven of them (41%) had succeeded by the end of the 16 weeks.

"It is hard to say exactly how good this success rate is since we don't know how many would have gotten jobs without the treatment," Strunk said.

"But the findings were encouraging and suggest that the CBT is having an impact."

CBT had a clear impact for those who had jobs and reported at the beginning of the treatment that depression was hurting their effectiveness.

"Working patients reported at the end of treatment that they were much more successful at concentrating and accomplishing tasks at their jobs," he said.

Findings showed that one way CBT had this effect was by reducing patients' "negative cognitive style," or the extent to which patients view negative events in overly pessimistic ways, according to Strunk.

"CBT helps patients overcome these views by teaching them that the experience of depression is not their fault and that they can take steps to improve their concentration and accomplish work more successfully even when experiencing depressive symptoms," Strunk said.

INFORMATION:

The researchers are continuing their research on CBT with new patients from Ohio at the Depression Treatment and Research Clinic.

Contact: Daniel Strunk, Strunk.20@osu.edu Written by Jeff Grabmeier, 614-292-8457; Grabmeier.1@osu.edu



ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:

How outdoor pollution affects indoor air quality

How outdoor pollution affects indoor air quality
2021-02-22
Just when you thought you could head indoors to be safe from the air pollution that plagues the Salt Lake Valley, new research shows that elevated air pollution events, like horror movie villains, claw their way into indoor spaces. The research, conducted in conjunction with the Utah Division of Facilities Construction and Management, is published in Science of the Total Environment. In a long-term study in a Salt Lake-area building, researchers found that the amount of air pollution that comes indoors depends on the type of outdoor pollution. Wildfires, fireworks and wintertime inversions all affect indoor air to different degrees, ...

Researchers learn that pregnant women pass along protective COVID antibodies to their babies

2021-02-22
Researchers Learn that Pregnant Women Pass Along Protective COVID Antibodies to their Babies Antibodies that guard against COVID-19 can transfer from mothers to babies while in the womb, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian researchers published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. This discovery, published Jan. 22, adds to growing evidence that suggests that pregnant women who generate protective antibodies after contracting the coronavirus often convey some of that natural immunity to their fetuses. The findings also lend support to the idea that vaccinating mothers-to-be may also have benefits for their newborns. "Since we can now say that the antibodies pregnant women make against COVID-19 ...

Graphene Oxide membranes could reduce paper industry energy costs

Graphene Oxide membranes could reduce paper industry energy costs
2021-02-22
The U.S. pulp and paper industry uses large quantities of water to produce cellulose pulp from trees. The water leaving the pulping process contains a number of organic byproducts and inorganic chemicals. To reuse the water and the chemicals, paper mills rely on steam-fed evaporators that boil up the water and separate it from the chemicals. Water separation by evaporators is effective but uses large amounts of energy. That's significant given that the United States currently is the world's second-largest producer of paper and paperboard. The country's approximately 100 paper mills are estimated to use about 0.2 quads (a quad is a quadrillion BTUs) of energy per year for water recycling, making it one of the most energy-intensive chemical processes. All industrial ...

Big galaxies steal star-forming gas from their smaller neighbours

Big galaxies steal star-forming gas from their smaller neighbours
2021-02-22
Large galaxies are known to strip the gas that occupies the space between the stars of smaller satellite galaxies. In research published today, astronomers have discovered that these small satellite galaxies also contain less 'molecular' gas at their centres. Molecular gas is found in giant clouds in the centres of galaxies and is the building material for new stars. Large galaxies are therefore stealing the material that their smaller counterparts need to form new stars. Lead author Dr Adam Stevens is an astrophysicist based at UWA working for the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) and affiliated to the ARC Centre of Excellence in All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D). Dr Stevens ...

Study: Effects of past ice ages more widespread than previously thought

Study: Effects of past ice ages more widespread than previously thought
2021-02-22
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. - Cold temperatures, prevalent during glacial periods, had a significant impact on past and modern unglaciated landscapes across much of North America, according to a recent study by University of Arkansas geologist Jill A. Marshall. Marshall, assistant professor of geosciences, is the first author of the study, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. The findings help shape understanding of the earth's "Critical Zone," the relatively thin layer of the planet that extends from where vegetation meets the atmosphere to the lowermost extent of weathered bedrock. "Climate and ecosystems determine how quickly bedrock ...

Three longtime antibiotics could offer alternative to addictive opioid pain relievers

Three longtime antibiotics could offer alternative to addictive opioid pain relievers
2021-02-22
DALLAS - Feb. 22, 2021 - Three decades-old antibiotics administered together can block a type of pain triggered by nerve damage in an animal model, UT Southwestern researchers report. The finding, published online today in PNAS, could offer an alternative to opioid-based painkillers, addictive prescription medications that are responsible for an epidemic of abuse in the U.S. Over 100 million Americans are affected by chronic pain, and a quarter of these experience pain on a daily basis, a burden that costs an estimated $600 billion in lost wages and medical expenses ...

New drug molecules hold promise for treating fatal child disease

2021-02-22
Scientists have identified a way to "rescue" muscle cells that have genetically mutated, paving the way to a possible new treatment for rare childhood illness such as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). The study, led by the Universities of Exeter and Nottingham, is published in the Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, USA. The research used novel drugs being developed at the University of Exeter, which "metabolically reprogram" the cellular energy production centres in muscle cells, by providing them with a fuel source to generate metabolic energy. DMD is a genetic condition caused by a mutation in a gene called dystrophin which results in progressive irreversible muscular degeneration and weakening. Its symptoms include muscle ...

Researchers grow artificial hairs with clever physics trick

2021-02-22
Things just got hairy at Princeton. Researchers found they could coat a liquid elastic on the outside of a disc and spin it to form useful, complex patterns. When spun just right, tiny spindles rise from the material as it cures. The spindles grow as the disc accelerates, forming a soft solid that resembles hairs. Inspired by biological designs and rationalized with mathematical precision, the new method could be used at an industrial scale for production with plastics, glasses, metals and smart materials. The researchers published their findings ...

BU researchers identify biochemical process responsible for producing toxic tau

2021-02-22
(Boston)--Tau is a protein that helps stabilize the internal skeleton of nerve cells (neurons) in the brain. Groups of toxic tau protein, termed tau oligomers, drive disease progression and memory loss in Alzheimer's disease (AD). A new study from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) shows how these tau oligomers form, and, correspondingly, how they can be prevented. AD is a major cause of disease in the elderly and places a huge financial cost on the health care system. Scientists have known for a long time that two proteins (?-amyloid and tau) clump and accumulate in the brains ...

Scientists use machine-learning approach to track disease-carrying mosquitoes

Scientists use machine-learning approach to track disease-carrying mosquitoes
2021-02-22
LOGAN, UTAH, USA -- You might not like mosquitoes, but they like you, says Utah State University biologist Norah Saarman. And where you lead, they will follow. In addition to annoying bites and buzzing, some mosquitoes carry harmful diseases. Aedes aegypti, the so-called Yellow Fever mosquito and the subject of a recent study by Saarman and colleagues, is the primary vector for transmission of viruses causing dengue fever, chikungunya and Zika, as well as yellow fever, in humans. "Aedes aegypti is an invasive species to North America that's become widespread in the eastern United States," says Saarman, assistant professor in USU's Department of Biology and the USU Ecology Center, whose research focuses ...

LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:

Improving water quality could help conserve insectivorous birds -- study

Vitamin B6 may help keep COVID-19's cytokine storms at bay

Not all "good" cholesterol is healthy

Embed germ defence behaviours at home to reduce virus spread now and in the future - new study

Arthritis drugs may reduce mortality and time in ICU for sickest COVID patients

New machine learning tool facilitates analysis of health information, clinical forecasting

Scientists investigated more thoroughly Walker breakdown in 3D magnetic nanowires

A tangled food web

Identifying patient-specific differences to treat HCM with precision medicine

Nuclear physicists on the hunt for squeezed protons

OU study highlights need for improving methane emission database

UTEP survey reveals hidden health and wellness benefits of COVID-19 pandemic

Landmark study details sequencing of 64 full human genomes to better capture genetic diversity

What might sheep and driverless cars have in common? Following the herd

Study uncovers flaws in process for maintaining state voter rolls

First complete coronavirus model shows cooperation

Imaging space debris in high resolution

Social dilemma follows 2018 eruption of Kilauea volcano

Signal transduction without signal -- receptor clusters can direct cell movement

Urban Americans more likely to follow covid-19 prevention behaviors than rural Americans

New sustainable building simulation method points to the future of design

Scientists use Doppler to peer inside cells

Farmers in developing countries can protect both profits and endangered species

Scientists identify cells responsible for liver tissue maintenance and regeneration

Did teenage 'tyrants' outcompete other dinosaurs?

NTU scientists develop laser system that generates random numbers at ultrafast speeds

Disease tolerance: Skeletons reveal humans evolved to fight pathogens

64 human genomes as new reference for global genetic diversity

Scientists probe electronic angular momentum to a chemical reaction for the first time

Market design to accelerate COVID-19 vaccine supply

[Press-News.org] Depressed and out of work? Therapy may help you find a job
Treatment also helps workers be more effective, study finds