(Press-News.org) Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and while effective treatments exist, sadly, the cancer often returns.
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have tested a new combination therapy in animal models to see if they could find a way to make an already effective treatment even better.
Since they're using a Food and Drug Administration-approved drug to do it, this could help humans sooner than later.
These findings are published in the journal END
University of Cincinnati research unveils possible new combo therapy for head and neck cancer
Study found an approved drug could make radiation therapy more effective
ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:
NSAIDs might exacerbate or suppress COVID-19 depending on timing, mouse study suggests
Washington, DC - January 22, 2021 - New research shows that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduced both antibody and inflammatory responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection in mice. The study appears this week in the Journal of Virology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology. The research is important because "NSAIDs are arguably the most commonly used anti-inflammatory medications," said principal investigator Craig B. Wilen, Assistant Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Immunology, Yale University School of Medicine. In addition to taking NSAIDs for chronic conditions such as arthritis, people take them "for shorter periods of time during infections, and [during] ...
Tiny particles that seed clouds can form from trace gases over open sea
UPTON, NY - New results from an atmospheric study over the Eastern North Atlantic reveal that tiny aerosol particles that seed the formation of clouds can form out of next to nothingness over the open ocean. This "new particle formation" occurs when sunlight reacts with molecules of trace gases in the marine boundary layer, the atmosphere within about the first kilometer above Earth's surface. The findings, published in the journal Nature Communications, will improve how aerosols and clouds are represented in models that describe Earth's climate so scientists can understand how the particles--and the processes that control them--might ...
Experts call for more pragmatic approach to higher education teaching
Millions of students around the world could benefit if their educators adopted a more flexible and practical approach, say Swansea University experts. After analysing the techniques current being used in higher education, the researchers are calling for a pragmatic and evidence-based approach instead. Professor Phil Newton, director of learning and teaching at of Swansea University Medical School, said: "Higher education is how we train those who carry out important professional roles in our society. There are now more than 200 million students in HE worldwide and this number is likely to double again over the next decade. "Given the size, impact, importance and cost of ...
A quarter of known bee species haven't appeared in public records since the 1990s
Researchers at the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) in Argentina have found that, since the 1990s, up to 25% of reported bee species are no longer being reported in global records, despite a large increase in the number of records available. While this does not mean that these species are all extinct, it might indicate that these species have become rare enough that no one is observing them in nature. The findings appear January 22 in the journal One Earth. "With citizen science and the ability to share data, records are going up exponentially, but the number of species reported in these records is going down," says first ...
AI trained to read electric vehicle charging station reviews to find infrastructure gaps
Although electric vehicles that reduce greenhouse gas emissions attract many drivers, the lack of confidence in charging services deters others. Building a reliable network of charging stations is difficult in part because it's challenging to aggregate data from independent station operators. But now, researchers reporting January 22 in the journal Patterns have developed an AI that can analyze user reviews of these stations, allowing it to accurately identify places where there are insufficient or out-of-service stations. "We're spending billions ...
Genetic sequence for parasitic flowering plant Sapria
On January 22 in Current Biology, a team of Harvard-led researchers presented the most complete genome yet assembled of one of the major Rafflesiaceae lineages, Sapria himalayana. The species is found in Southeast Asia and its mottled red and white flower is about the size of a dinner plate. (It's more famous cousin, Rafflesia arnoldii, produces blossoms nearly three feet in diameter, the largest in the world.) The genetic analysis revealed an astonishing degree of gene loss and surprising amounts of gene theft from its ancient and modern hosts. These findings bring unique perspectives into the number and kind of genes it takes to be an endoparasite (an organism that is completely dependent on its host for all nutrients), along ...
SARS-CoV-2 infection in children, their parents in southwest Germany
What The Study Did: In this observational study, the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection during a period of lockdown in southwest Germany was particularly low in children ages 1 to 10 years old. Overall, this large SARS-CoV-2 prevalence study in children is instructive for how ad hoc mass testing provides the basis for rational political decision-making in a pandemic setting. Authors: Burkhard Tönshoff, M.D., of the University Children's Hospital in Heidelberg, Germany, and Klaus-Michael Debatin, M.D., of Ulm University Medical Center in Ulm, Germany, are the corresponding authors. To ...
The seven rocky planets of TRAPPIST-1 seem to have very similar compositions
A new international study led by astrophysicist Eric Agol from the University of Washington has measured the densities of the seven planets of the exoplanetary system TRAPPIST-1 with extreme precision, the values obtained indicating very similar compositions for all the planets. This fact makes the system even more remarkable and helps to better understand the nature of these fascinating worlds. This study has just been published in the Planetary Science Journal. The TRAPPIST-1 system is home to the largest number of planets similar in size to our Earth ever found outside our solar system. Discovered in 2016 by a research team led by Michaël Gillon, astrophysicist at the University of Liège, the system offers an insight into the immense ...
Proteins unspool DNA so cells can take on unique properties
ITHACA, NY - Biologists have long wondered how complex organisms contain a variety of dramatically different types of cells with specialized functions, even though all of those cells are genetically identical. New research reveals how proteins, called "pioneer transcription factors," help turn on key genes that give cell types their unique properties and functions. These pioneer factors, it turns out, help unspool tightly wound coils of DNA so that genetic blueprints in genes can be read and proteins that play roles in biological processes can be made. The study in fruit flies, "Pioneer-like Factor GAF Cooperates with PBAP (SWI/SNF) and NURF (ISWI) to Regulate Transcription," was published Dec. 10 in the journal Genes & Development. "We know pretty ...
Consenting for treatment in advance to reduce leaving the hospital against medical advice among patients with addiction - Experts debate pros and cons
January 22, 2021 - Patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) being treated for serious medical conditions are more likely to leave the hospital against medical advice (AMA) than those without addiction. A special type of contract with healthcare providers might enable patients to consent in advance to life-saving medical care - even if they later refuse treatment, according to a commentary in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer. The Substance Use Advance Directive (SUAD) "has the potential to greatly improve the current state of treatment for life-threatening comorbid conditions in SUD patients through ...
LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:
When foams collapse (and when they don't)
Predicts the onset of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) using deep learning-based Splice-AI
Oahu marine protected areas offer limited protection of coral reef herbivorous fishes
'Explicit instruction' provides dramatic benefits in learning to read
Deep brain stimulation and exercise restore movement in ataxia
Atherosclerosis can accelerate the development of clonal hematopoiesis, study finds
Picture books can boost physical activity for youth with autism
Cancer: a new killer lymphocyte enters the ring
When using pyrite to understand Earth's ocean and atmosphere: Think local, not global
New insights into an ancient protein complex
Meteorites remember conditions of stellar explosions
Cerium sidelines silver to make drug precursor
Researchers identify characteristics of highest utilizers for mental health hospital services
Research reveals how bacteria defeat drugs that fight cystic fibrosis
Sensing robot healthcare helpers being developed at SFU
Agents of food-borne zoonoses confirmed to parasitise newly-recorded in Thailand snails
New tools find COVID patients at highest risk of mechanical ventilation and death
Exposure to diverse career paths can help fill labor market 'skills gap'
Engineering the boundary between 2D and 3D materials
Republican and Democratic voters agree on one thing--the need for generous COVID-19 relief
New study highlights importance of context to physical theories
Quantum quirk yields giant magnetic effect, where none should exist
Considering disorder and cooperative effects in photon escape rates from atomic gases
Blood tests offer early indicator of severe COVID-19, study says
New research finds exercise may help slow memory loss for people living with Alzheimer's dementia
Using neutron scattering to better understand milk composition
Unburdening China of cancer: Trend analysis to assist prevention measures
Measuring the tRNA world
Household transmission of SARS-CoV-2[Press-News.org] University of Cincinnati research unveils possible new combo therapy for head and neck cancer
Study found an approved drug could make radiation therapy more effective