(Press-News.org) Threats posed by the climate crisis disproportionally affect certain communities and social groups that are more exposed. People living in low- and middle-income (LMIC) countries are at heightened risk. Within these countries, women typically face higher climate risk than men.
To show where women working in agri-food systems – systems that encompass production, but also post-harvest handling and distribution – are most threated by climate change, an international team of researchers has developed a hotspot map that identifies and ranks localities by threat level.
“We show that significant climate hazards, high exposure faced by women in agri-food systems, and high vulnerability faced by women due to systemic gender inequalities converge particularly in central, east, and southern Africa, as well as in west and south Asia,” said the study’s first author Dr Els Lecoutere, who is a researcher at the CGIAR GENDER Impact Platform in Kenya. “The maps are potentially impactful as they can inform decision- and policymaking around gender-responsive climate action and guide the allocation of scarce resources to populations at highest risk.” The results were published in Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems.
Hotspots for different reasons
“The climate-agriculture-gender inequality hotspot risk index captures the convergence of climate hazards, exposure, and vulnerability because of gender inequalities faced by women in agri-food systems,” said Lecoutere. The team of researchers involved in the study calculated each country’s risk based on these indicators. “We plotted the resulting ‘hotness’ score for each LMIC country into a color-coded map, which makes it possible to compare and contrast risks in different countries.”
The researchers also applied their methodology within four LMIC countries: Bangladesh, Pakistan, Zambia, and Mali. In the global ranking, they took places two, four, 13, and 18, respectively. Multiple drivers of risk contributed to these rankings.
“For the two focus countries in Asia, high climate hazards and women farmers’ exposure drives climate risks, whereas in the two focus countries in Africa structural inequalities play a larger role,” Lecoutere explained.
In Mali and Zambia, secondary resources confirm that women are restricted by norms that hinder their access to land ownership, information, and economic empowerment – limitations that negatively affect their ability to adapt to climate hazards. In Pakistan and Bangladesh, women contribute significantly to agricultural activities, but do so mostly informally. Their work often remains unrecognized, unpaid, or underpaid, which leaves them dependent on agriculture, and vulnerable to the adverse aftereffects of ever more frequent and severe climate hazards.
Starting points for policymaking
The researchers pointed to certain limitations of their study, for example a lack of data that has made it impossible to calculate a ‘hotness’ score for some countries, including small island development states. Yet, it is often these locations that are the most poverty- or conflict-stricken, and therefore vulnerable, making it plausible that women in these environments face significant climate risks.
While the team pointed out that in some cases data might not be available or sufficiently recent to be effectively used for policy making, their findings offer insights for other localities. One possible starting point is reducing women’s sensitivity to harm from climate hazards by addressing systemic gender inequalities and supporting the adaptive capacities of all agri-food system actors in gender-responsive ways.
“Another key use for the results of our study is the upcoming COP28 and ongoing negotiations around a loss and damage fund, and other climate investments. The hotspot maps can help decisionmakers and investors target finance and investments to the areas where women are hardest hit from climate change risks,” Lecoutere pointed out.
Inequality hotspot map shows where women in agriculture are hit the hardest by the climate crisis
Researchers show where women working in agri-food systems in Africa and Asia face the highest climate risk
ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:
Reclaiming carbon fibers from discarded composite materials
Minimizing energy consumption is a fundamental element in our journey towards sustainable societies, and advanced materials play a key role in this regard. Carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRPs) and carbon-fiber-reinforced thermoplastics (CFRTPs) are two prominent examples of composite materials that can significantly improve energy efficiency in various fields of application. These composites are made of carbon fibers embedded in a polymer matrix, such as epoxy resin. Thanks to their low weight and remarkable mechanical strength, CFRPs and CFRTPs can greatly ...
Break free from dependence on Japan by developing core electric vehicle components
A research team led by Dr. Jae-woong Ko from the Department of Engineering Ceramics at the Korea Institute of Materials Science(KIMS) has succeeded in localizing silicon nitride bearing ball manufacturing technology for electric vehicle drive modules. KIMS is a government-funded research institute under the Ministry of Science and ICT. This achievement is significant because it overcomes the limitations of foreign dependence and opens up the possibility of domestic supply and demand. Silicon nitride bearing ...
Cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes
Infants prenatally exposed to cannabis are more likely to be born preterm, have a low birth weight, and require neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) care than infants without prenatal cannabis exposure, according to a study published today in the scientific journal Addiction. However, cannabis-exposed infants are not at greater risk of birth defects or death within one year, including sudden unexpected infant death. First author Ms. Maryam Sorkhou comments, “The global increase in cannabis use among women of reproductive age also extends to pregnant women. ...
Landmark blood test to detect silent, lethal cancer
Research that could lead to the first early detection blood test for pancreatic cancer has received critical funding from PanKind, The Australian Pancreatic Cancer Foundation. Pancreatic cancer is one of Australia’s biggest killers, with poor survival rates marred by a lack of distinct symptoms and screening tools needed to detect the disease in its initial stages. It’s hoped the test will, for the first time, accurately identify patients with early stages of pancreatic cancer – a crucial step towards improving survival ...
A better way to study Parkinson’s disease in the lab could lead to earlier diagnosis
A recent study published in Progress in Neurobiology and led by researchers at the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Tucson has developed an improved method to study Parkinson’s disease in the lab. Along the way, researchers also uncovered clues that may help scientists figure out how to detect Parkinson’s earlier and point the way toward better treatments. Around a million Americans are living with Parkinson’s disease, a neurological disorder that causes difficulty in movement, balance and cognition. Symptoms worsen until tasks like ...
Night-time radiative warming using the atmosphere
Warming has played a crucial role in various industrial and agricultural processes throughout history. Night-time warming, however, presents a distinct challenge due to the absence of solar radiation. During the night, direct radiative heat loss to outer space through the atmospheric transparent window (8-14 μm) can cause temperature to drop below freezing, posing significant threats to agriculture (crops), transportation (outdoor cables), and more. Traditionally, achieving night-time warming ...
A bi-directional iterative approach to Android automated testing
With the benefits of reducing time-cost and human efforts, automated testing has been widely used for quality assurance of mobile applications (apps). However, in complex interactive activities, manual testing can achieve higher coverage. However, the effectiveness of manual testing is highly dependent on the vital User Operation Process (UOP) of experienced testers. To solve the problems, a research team led by Zhenyu CHEN and Chunrong FANG published their new research on 15 Oct 2023 in Frontiers of Computer Science co-published ...
Oregon State researchers receive $2M to look for new ways to prevent organic potatoes from spoiling
CORVALLIS, Ore. – Oregon State University researchers have been awarded $2 million from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to develop improved ways of preventing stored potatoes from sprouting, particularly in the organic sector. This research is pivotal given the rapid rise of the organic market in U.S. agriculture, the scientists note. “The organic potato industry cannot depend on traditional chemical anti-sprouting treatments since synthetic chemicals are banned in certified organic,” said Valtcho Jeliazkov of OSU’s College of Agricultural ...
Why it’s important to improve communication of unanticipated genomic findings to patients with late-stage cancer
New research conducted by City of Hope and supported by the American Cancer Society focuses on developing scalable educational interventions to support informed patient decision making and consent, such as online tools and applications that include visual aids or interactive multimedia. FINDINGS Cancer genomics experts at City of Hope®, one of the largest cancer research and treatment organizations in the United States, conducted a qualitative study that underscored the importance of properly preparing patients for unanticipated, inheritable genetic findings prior to receipt of ...
New studies of brain activity explain benefits of electroconvulsive therapy
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, involves inducing a brief seizure in the brain using controlled doses of electricity. While ECT is highly effective for certain mental illnesses, particularly depression, the reasons for its efficacy have long puzzled the fields of psychiatry and neuroscience. Now, researchers from University of California San Diego may have an answer. In two new studies published November 16, 2023 in Translational Psychiatry, they propose a new hypothesis that ECT alleviates depression symptoms by increasing aperiodic activity, a type of electrical activity in the brain that doesn’t follow a consistent pattern ...
LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:
Leukemia cells activate cellular recycling program
Argonne and Idaho National Laboratories partner with CMBlu Energy for innovative long-duration energy storage project
CCNY researchers publish optical data storage breakthrough in Nature Nanotechnology
Diet has a major impact on risk of Alzheimer’s disease
Study shows how ethical brands fare in a recession
New technique efficiently offers insight into gene regulation
U of M Medical School study finds visions of nonphysical world are common among cognitively healthy Ojibwe individuals
Consistency key to corporate expressions of racial solidarity
How mountains affect El Niño-induced winter precipitation
ECHO research examines nutrition data's value from pregnancy to adolescence in understanding child health
Training the immune system to prevent cancer – NextGen researchers discover paradigm-shifting approach
Snail-inspired robot could scoop ocean microplastics
Georgia State professor granted $5 million to identify and characterize objects in space
Immune protein may induce dementia unrelated to high blood pressure
Q&A: How can Canada best meet its commitment to protecting 30% of its land by 2030?
Eating disorder hospitalizations on the rise, affecting 'atypical' groups the most
Brains of newborns aren't underdeveloped compared to other primates
Mortality and morbidity among individuals with hypertension receiving a diuretic, ace inhibitor, or calcium channel blocker
Types of on-screen content and mental health in kindergarten children
Maternal prenatal depressive symptoms and fetal growth during the critical rapid growth stage
About 20% of patients listed as alive in their electronic health records were actually deceased according to California data
Dietary environmental factors shape the immune defense against Cryptosporidium infection
New study maps ketamine's effects on brain
Studies help explain why some prostate cancers become resistant to hormone therapy
Hard to drug: Protein droplets reveal new ways to inhibit transcription factors in an aggressive form of prostate cancer
MD Anderson’s Katy Rezvani, M.D., receives 2023 Honorific Award from the American Society of Hematology
Salty immune cells surrounding the brain linked to hypertension-induced dementia
Dark galactic region nicknamed "The Brick" explained with Webb telescope findings
Awareness, accessibility, and affordability are crucial for the early detection of thalassemia
Complications from flu largely preventable with annual flu vaccine[Press-News.org] Inequality hotspot map shows where women in agriculture are hit the hardest by the climate crisis
Researchers show where women working in agri-food systems in Africa and Asia face the highest climate risk