PRESS-NEWS.org - Press Release Distribution
FREE PRESS RELEASES DISTRIBUTION

Increase in minimum wage will save infant lives, study shows

Increase in minimum wage will save infant lives, study shows
2021-01-26
(Press-News.org) Syracuse, N.Y. - As President Joe Biden seeks to raise the federal minimum wage, a new study published recently by researchers from Syracuse University shows that a higher minimum wage will reduce infant deaths.

In the study, "Effects of US state preemption laws on infant mortality," Syracuse University professors found that each additional dollar of minimum wage reduces infant deaths by up to 1.8 percent annually in large U.S. cities. The study was published recently by Preventive Medicine.

The federal minimum wage has not been increased since 2009, and Biden's $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan to aid those hit hardest by the COVID-19 pandemic calls for Congress to raise the minimum wage from $7.25 to $15 per hour. Recent attempts to increase the minimum wage have been opposed by states that have prevented city and county governments from raising the minimum wage in their localities.

Research has shown that a higher minimum wage reduces teenage pregnancy, maternal smoking, obesity, and adverse birth outcomes such as low-weight births and infant deaths.

Using data on infant deaths in each county from the 2001-18 National Center for Health Statistics mortality files, and data on minimum wage levels from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the researchers examined how many infant lives would have been saved if states had not prevented cities and counties from raising their minimum wages.

Here are their key findings:

States are increasingly preempting city and county governments from enacting policies that benefit workers, such as raising the minimum wage.

Each additional dollar of minimum wage reduces infant deaths by up to 1.8% annually in large U.S. cities.

In the 25 states that preempted minimum wage increases, more than 600 infants could have been saved annually if localities had been allowed to raise their wage to $9.99.

More than 1,400 infants could have been saved annually if localities had been allowed to raise the minimum wage to $15.

State laws that prevent cities and counties from raising their minimum wage contribute to infant deaths.

Opponents of a $15 federal minimum wage say more than one million people may become jobless because of the impact on businesses, with teenagers, part-time workers, and those with only a high school diploma most affected.

"Those opposed to raising the wage worry about a potential rise in unemployment," the researchers concluded in their study. "Any such effect on unemployment should be weighed against the benefits of lifting people out of poverty and saving infant lives via more livable wages.

"Keeping the minimum wage low may protect business profits and keep prices lower for consumers," the researchers said, "but our results suggest that the tradeoff in human lives is steep."

INFORMATION:

The research team is comprised of professors from Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. Douglas Wolf is a professor of public administration and international affairs; Shannon Monnat is Lerner Chair of Public Health Promotion and an associate professor of sociology; and Jennifer Karas Montez is Director of the Center for Aging and Policy Studies and a professor of sociology.

Support for their research was provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Policies for Action program. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the Foundation.


[Attachments] See images for this press release:
Increase in minimum wage will save infant lives, study shows

ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:

Study finds water quality improvements in Maryland's Choptank River

2021-01-26
CAMBRIDGE, MD (January 26, 2021)--The Chesapeake Bay has a long history of nutrient pollution resulting in degraded water quality. However, scientists from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science are reporting some improvements in the Choptank River on Maryland's Eastern Shore. The Choptank is a tributary of Chesapeake Bay, and its watershed lies primarily in the state of Maryland, with a portion in Delaware. There are strong similarities between the Choptank basin and the Chesapeake as a whole, which enables the Choptank to be used as a model for progress in the Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary which has undergone considerable ...

LSD may offer viable treatment for certain mental disorders

2021-01-26
Researchers from McGill University have discovered, for the first time, one of the possible mechanisms that contributes to the ability of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) to increase social interaction. The findings, which could help unlock potential therapeutic applications in treating certain psychiatric diseases, including anxiety and alcohol use disorders, are published in the journal PNAS. Psychedelic drugs, including LSD, were popular in the 1970s and have been gaining popularity over the past decade, with reports of young professionals claiming to regularly take small non-hallucinogenic micro-doses of ...

Extreme black holes have hair that can be combed

Extreme black holes have hair that can be combed
2021-01-26
Black holes are considered amongst the most mysterious objects in the universe. Part of their intrigue arises from the fact that they are actually amongst the simplest solutions to Einstein's field equations of general relativity. In fact, black holes can be fully characterized by only three physical quantities: their mass, spin and charge. Since they have no additional "hairy" attributes to distinguish them, black holes are said to have "no hair": Black holes of the same mass, spin, and charge are exactly identical to each other. Dr. Lior Burko of Theiss Research in collaboration with Professor Gaurav Khanna of the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth and the University ...

Scientists identify flank instability at a volcano with history of collapse

Scientists identify flank instability at a volcano with history of collapse
2021-01-26
Landslides caused by the collapse of unstable volcanoes are one of the major dangers of volcanic eruptions. A method to detect long-term movements of these mountains using satellite images could help identify previously overlooked instability at some volcanoes, according to Penn State scientists. "Whenever there is a large volcanic eruption, there is a chance that if a flank of the volcano is unstable there could be a collapse," said Judit Gonzalez-Santana, a doctoral student in the Department of Geosciences. "To better explore this hazard, we applied an increasingly popular and more sensitive time-series method to look at these movements, or surface ...

Medicaid expansion helps uncover undiagnosed HIV infections

Medicaid expansion helps uncover undiagnosed HIV infections
2021-01-26
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- The Medicaid expansion facilitated by the Affordable Care Act led to increases in the identification of undiagnosed HIV infections and in the use of HIV prevention services such as preexposure prophylaxis drugs, says new research co-written by a team of University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign experts who study the intersection of health care and public policy. The research by Dolores Albarracín, a professor of psychology and of business administration at Illinois, and Bita Fayaz Farkhad, an economist and a postdoctoral researcher in psychology at Illinois, ...

Building a corn cob--cell by cell, gene by gene

Building a corn cob--cell by cell, gene by gene
2021-01-26
Corn hasn't always been the sweet, juicy delight that we know today. And, without adapting to a rapidly changing climate, it is at risk of losing its place as a food staple. Putting together a plant is a genetic puzzle, with hundreds of genes working together as it grows. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) Professor David Jackson worked with Associate Professor Jesse Gillis to study genes involved in corn development. Their teams analyzed thousands of individual cells that make up the developing corn ear. They created the first anatomical map that shows where and when important ...

Hospital worker flu shots could mean fewer deaths

2021-01-26
Pneumonia and the flu kill tens of thousands of Americans each year, racking up billions of dollars in medical costs and even more in lost productivity. But new research from the University of Georgia shows that state laws promoting flu vaccinations for hospital workers can substantially reduce the number of influenza-related deaths. Spanning 23 years, the study looked at the mortality rate from influenza and pneumonia during peak flu season (from December through March of each year), comparing changes in mortality over time in the 13 states and Washington, D.C., that adopted laws to the changes in mortality in states without laws. ...

Invasive mussels now control a key nutrient in the American Great Lakes

Invasive mussels now control a key nutrient in the American Great Lakes
2021-01-26
The health of aquatic ecosystems depends on the supply of key nutrients, especially phosphorus. Too much phosphorus results in unwanted eutrophication, and much effort is spent on preventing phosphorus pollution of water bodies. In the World's largest freshwater ecosystem, the North American Great Lakes, this control may have recently been lost to an invasive species. According to a new study, quagga mussels, which have spread across four of the five Great Lakes, have accumulated large amounts of phosphorus in their biomass, to the degree that their activities now regulate the supply of phosphorus ...

Marketing has major benefits for entrepreneurs in emerging markets, study shows

2021-01-26
Their field may not be top of mind among those that contribute to the greater good, yet new research from the University of Notre Dame shows marketers can help entrepreneurs in emerging markets grow their businesses, which in turn helps them to improve lives, sustain livelihoods, enhance overall living standards and strengthen societies. "Do Marketers Matter for Entrepreneurs? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Uganda" is forthcoming in the Journal of Marketing from Frank Germann, an associate professor of marketing at Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business who teaches ...

Anonymous cell phone data can quantify behavioral changes for flu-like illnesses

2021-01-26
Cell phone data that is routinely collected by telecommunications providers can reveal changes of behavior in people who are diagnosed with a flu-like illness, while also protecting their anonymity, a new study finds. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) published the research, led by computer scientists at Emory University and based on data drawn from a 2009 outbreak of H1N1 flu in Iceland. "To our knowledge, our project is the first major, rigorous study to individually link passively-collected cell phone metadata with actual public health data," says Ymir Vigfusson, assistant professor in Emory University's Department of Computer Science and a first author of the study. "We've shown ...

LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:

When foams collapse (and when they don't)

Predicts the onset of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) using deep learning-based Splice-AI

Oahu marine protected areas offer limited protection of coral reef herbivorous fishes

'Explicit instruction' provides dramatic benefits in learning to read

Deep brain stimulation and exercise restore movement in ataxia

Atherosclerosis can accelerate the development of clonal hematopoiesis, study finds

Picture books can boost physical activity for youth with autism

Cancer: a new killer lymphocyte enters the ring

When using pyrite to understand Earth's ocean and atmosphere: Think local, not global

New insights into an ancient protein complex

Meteorites remember conditions of stellar explosions

Cerium sidelines silver to make drug precursor

Researchers identify characteristics of highest utilizers for mental health hospital services

Research reveals how bacteria defeat drugs that fight cystic fibrosis

Sensing robot healthcare helpers being developed at SFU

Agents of food-borne zoonoses confirmed to parasitise newly-recorded in Thailand snails

New tools find COVID patients at highest risk of mechanical ventilation and death

Exposure to diverse career paths can help fill labor market 'skills gap'

Engineering the boundary between 2D and 3D materials

Republican and Democratic voters agree on one thing--the need for generous COVID-19 relief

New study highlights importance of context to physical theories

Quantum quirk yields giant magnetic effect, where none should exist

Considering disorder and cooperative effects in photon escape rates from atomic gases

Blood tests offer early indicator of severe COVID-19, study says

New research finds exercise may help slow memory loss for people living with Alzheimer's dementia

Using neutron scattering to better understand milk composition

Unburdening China of cancer: Trend analysis to assist prevention measures

Measuring the tRNA world

Household transmission of SARS-CoV-2

When young people start smoking

[Press-News.org] Increase in minimum wage will save infant lives, study shows