(Press-News.org) Carnegie Mellon University has launched the WebAssembly Research Center to harness the potential of the open-source platform.
The internet isn't just the internet anymore. Increasingly, users turn to the web to stream videos, play games, shop, edit photos, collaborate with colleagues and more. Those users expect the internet to work seamlessly on everything from a computer to a smartphone. To make that happen means juggling code in different languages written for different platforms.
WebAssembly (Wasm) was created to do just that.
"Ultimately, all software could one day run on WebAssembly," said Ben Titzer, director of the WebAssembly Research Center and a principal researcher in the Software and Societal Systems Department (S3D). "But WebAssembly is quickly spreading beyond the web to edge computing, distributed compute infrastructure, embedded systems and more. WebAssembly holds promise as the elusive universal code format with strong security properties, broad language support and excellent performance."
CMU's WebAssembly Research Center will be the first to unite researchers from across the university, other institutions and industry to explore how the platform is used now and how it could be used in the future. The center is also the first devoted exclusively to WebAssembly. Research on the platform is currently scattered, with isolated individuals or research groups plugging away on their own. The WebAssembly Research Center will be a venue for researchers to collaborate with industry on emerging applications.
The WebAssembly Research Center aims to increase the uptake of research around the technology by building research infrastructure and developing academic instruction, projects and programs to train the next generation of WebAssembly specialists. These goals will fill a need for virtual machine expertise and enable the next generation of innovation.
"The WebAssembly Research Center enables researchers and industry partners to look at the technology in new and exciting ways. It provides the opportunity to take a long-term view of its potential," said Heather Miller, an assistant professor in S3D and a faculty lead of the center. "The research happening at the center includes things that people never thought WebAssembly could be used for."
A grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) made the formation of the WebAssembly Research Center possible. The NSF awarded nearly $300,000 to Titzer and Miller to develop the center as a means for providing the needed infrastructure in the WebAssembly research community to harness the power of open-source development for the creation of new technology solutions to problems of national and societal importance.
Additionally, the WebAssembly Research Center launches with three founding members: DFINITY Foundation, Shopify and Siemens. The center will give these members the ability to explore new use cases.
DFINITY Foundation, a Swiss-based nonprofit organization and a major contributor to the Internet Computer, sees WebAssembly as a critical component of this blockchain-based platform that hosts general-purpose applications as WebAssembly modules. Since its launch in May 2021, Internet Computer nodes have executed over 2 quintillion WebAssembly instructions for over 300,000 applications.
"WebAssembly is particularly well suited for decentralized and replicated execution because it is secure, deterministic and fast, and is an open standard with a continually growing ecosystem that includes open-source projects, programming languages and tools," said Jan Camenisch, chief technology officer of the DFINITY Foundation. "DFINITY is excited to join the WebAssembly Research Center to further investigate the unique properties of WebAssembly as an execution environment and to use them as a way to advance the Internet Computer."
"With WebAssembly, we can execute untrusted code on premise without sacrificing performance, security and flexibility," said Erin Ren, an engineering manager at Shopify. "We are excited to collaborate with the esteemed experts at the WebAssembly Research Center. This partnership presents an opportunity for mutual learning and advancement of the WebAssembly ecosystem, enabling us to tackle real-world challenges on a large scale."
For Siemens, WebAssembly has the potential to have a profound impact on industrial Internet of Things, and the company will contribute use cases, requirements and preexisting research to help meet these goals faster.
"We at Siemens Technology believe it's a collaboration between academia and industry groups that will allow us to realize the technological future we envision," said Chris Woods, senior key expert at Siemens Technology, the company's R&D hub in the U.S. "That's why we are excited to work with Carnegie Mellon University and other industry partners to launch the WebAssembly Research Center."
An interdisciplinary group of CMU faculty and students will participate in the WebAssembly Research Center. Current faculty members include Fraser Brown, an assistant professor in S3D; Claire Le Goues, an associate professor in S3D; Anthony Rowe, a professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Department in the College of Engineering; Titzer and Miller. Students from S3D, ECE, the Computer Science Department and other departments have participated in the center. Titzer expects participation to grow.
"WebAssembly adoption is accelerating," Titzer said. "This center focuses on bringing people together to do research with and around WebAssembly."
Members of the center have organized the second-ever WebAssembly Research Day on Friday, Oct. 13, to share work and discuss long-term projects. The research day coincides with the WebAssembly Community Group Meeting, where WebAssembly stakeholders discuss the open standards governing the platform and move it forward. The inaugural WebAssembly Research Day in 2022 included talks on topics ranging from extending WebAssembly with new features and verifying security properties of WebAssembly and its implementations to new languages on WebAssembly and studying and improving WebAssembly performance. It featured speakers from Stanford, Northeastern University, Utrecht University, the University of Cambridge, The University of Edinburgh, Siemens, the University of British Columbia and CMU.
More information about the WebAssembly Research Center, including how to join, is available on the center's website.
Carnegie Mellon University launches WebAssembly Research Center
Center will unite researchers, industry to explore future applications
ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:
Racial discrimination among teens linked to unhealthy stress hormone levels
Audio Scientists already know that the stress caused by racial discrimination is related to a host of chronic health conditions, but less is known about which types of discrimination are most harmful. To answer that question, researchers at the University of Michigan School of Kinesiology surveyed 100 adolescents aged 13-19, who had obesity or who were overweight, about their experiences with institutional, peer, educational and cumulative discrimination. They measured their salivary cortisol ...
Psychological aspects of erectile dysfunction deserve more attention, health scientists say
Washington, DC (September 27, 2023) -- Personality traits and mental health problems are among the factors linked to erectile dysfunction (ED), a condition that affects up to 80% of men over the age of 60. But researchers often overlook these psychological causes and their treatments in favor of biological components of ED, according to a new article in Current Directions in Psychological Science. In a review of existing research, Mark S. Allen, Alex M. Wood (Leeds Trinity University), and David Sheffield ...
Ochsner Health named to Newsweek’s America’s Greatest Workplaces for Parents and Families 2023
NEW ORLEANS– Ochsner Health was recently named one of the 2023 America’s Greatest Workplaces for Parents and Families by Newsweek and market-data research firm Plant-A Insights Group. A large-scale employer study based on over 224,000 company reviews aided in selecting 800 companies and organizations nationwide for the inaugural list. “It is an honor to be named among the greatest workplaces in the nation for parents and families. Our top priority at Ochsner is to put patients first, and we know employees are at their best when they have a healthy work-life balance directly correlating with the high-quality care offered to our patients ...
Your Zoom background might influence the first impression you make
In a new study, participants tended to judge faces appearing against backgrounds featuring houseplants or bookcases as more trustworthy and competent than faces with a living space or a novelty image behind them. Gender and facial expression also appeared to influence judgments. Research led by Paddy Ross, Abi Cook and Meg Thompson at Durham University, UK is publishing in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on September 27, 2023. Prior research has demonstrated that first impressions can make a real difference in people’s lives; for example, ...
Lack of financial planning linked to higher risk of death in US and UK
People who are less socioeconomically advantaged have lower life expectancies, with a number of possible underlying mechanisms, such as less ability to spend on healthcare or the psychological effects of economic inequality. Prior research also shows that many households struggle to financially prepare for old age. However, few researchers have explored whether forward-thinking financial decision making is itself associated with lower risk of death. To address this potential link, Gladstone and Hundtofte analyzed data spanning a 22-year period for 11,478 older people living in the US and ...
Male and female Olympic shooters perform equally well when targets are stationary, though men have the edge for moving targets, per analysis of 2021 Tokyo Olympics which trialed mixed-gender events
Male and female Olympic shooters perform equally well when targets are stationary, though men have the edge for moving targets, per analysis of 2021 Tokyo Olympics which trialed mixed-gender events. #### Article URL: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0291017 Article Title: Do women and men compete equally on a level playing field? An empirical investigation into the 2021 Olympic shooting competitions Author Countries: USA, Spain Funding: The authors received no specific ...
Tree rings reveal a new kind of earthquake threat to the Pacific Northwest
In February, a 7.8-magnitude earthquake shook the Turkey-Syria border, followed by one nearly as large nine hours later. Shallow faults less than 18 miles beneath the surface buckled and ruptured, causing violent focused quakes that leveled thousands of buildings and killed tens of thousands. Similar shallow faults ruptured about 1,000 years ago in the Puget Lowlands in western Washington, according to new University of Arizona-led research. Tree rings helped pinpoint that the seismic event occurred in late A.D. 923 or ...
Researchers find potential way to tweak immune system to help it fight tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is old—ancient even. The infectious bacterial disease that plagued Old Testament Israelites and took down pharaohs was eventually stunted by vaccinations, antibiotics, and public health measures like isolation, but it hasn’t been cured yet. More than a million people around the world still die from TB every year. Now, a Boston University-led research team has found a way to tweak immune cells to better fight the disease and—with the right backing and funding—they say it could ...
Researchers discover disease-causing stem cells in lungs of cystic fibrosis patients
Two nationally recognized experts in cloning and stem cell science from the University of Houston, Wa Xian and Frank McKeon, are reporting that five lung stem cell variants dominate the lungs of patients with advanced cystic fibrosis (CF), and that these variants drive key aspects of CF pathology including inflammation, fibrosis and mucin secretion. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited and progressive disease that causes long-lasting lung infections and limits the ability to breathe. It is caused by a defect in a gene called the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator ...
Combating distrust online: New GW study explains why current messaging efforts may not be effective
WASHINGTON (September 27, 2023) - New research led by the George Washington University finds that current mitigation efforts to combat distrust online may not be effective because organizations and governments tackling distrust are only targeting one topic and only one geographical scale. The study shows that online distrust has become a ‘glocal’ phenomenon, meaning that it is spreading with different topics lumped together and mixing both local and global interests. “The key takeaway here is that distrust ...
LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:
ASH: Novel combination therapy significantly reduces spleen volume in patients with myelofibrosis
ASH: Novel menin inhibitors show promise for patients with advanced acute myeloid leukemias
ASH: Targeted oral therapy reduced disease burden and improved symptoms for patients with rare blood disorder
New Sylvester cancer study provides insight into underlying gene mutations in myelodysplastic syndromes
First-in-human clinical trial of CAR T cell therapy with new binding mechanism shows promising early responses
Long-term results show combination treatment that skips chemotherapy is effective for older patients with Ph+ ALL
Mindfulness could help women with opioid use disorder better control drug urges
TTUHSC’s ARPA-H membership will spur innovation, improve access for West Texas patients
Global annual finance flows of $7 trillion fueling climate, biodiversity, and land degradation crises
Tracing how the infant brain responds to touch with near-infrared spectroscopy
These are the world's most effective charities
When is an aurora not an aurora?
Advisory panel issues field-defining recommendations for US government investments in particle physics research
Doctors discover many patients at UNC’s Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinic screen positive for malnutrition
BNL: Advisory panel issues field-defining recommendations for U.S. government investments in particle physics research
International collaboration uses faculty member’s research on ancient Roman migration, seeks to understand Balkan genomic history
USF Health Heart Institute doctors are upbeat about cardiac regeneration
AI-driven breakthroughs in cells study: SFU-UBC collaboration introduces "MCS-detect" for advancements in super-resolution microscopy
Advisory panel issues field-defining recommendations for investments in particle physics research
$3.8 million NIH grant to fund Southwest Center on Resilience for Climate Change and Health
What happens when the brain loses a hub?
Study reveals Zika’s shape-shifting machinery—and a possible vulnerability
RIT leading STEM co-mentoring network
Genetic mutations that promote reproduction tend to shorten human lifespan, study shows
CAMH develops potential new drug treatment for multiple sclerosis
Polyethylene waste could be a thing of the past
A dynamic picture of how we respond to high or low oxygen levels
University of Toronto researchers discover new lipid nanoparticle that shows muscle-specific mRNA delivery, reduces off-target effects.
Evolving insights in blood-based liquid biopsies for prostate cancer interrogation
Finding the most heat-resistant substances ever made[Press-News.org] Carnegie Mellon University launches WebAssembly Research Center
Center will unite researchers, industry to explore future applications