(Press-News.org) Faith primary schools are admitting fewer children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) than local authority community primaries, according to new research from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
In research funded by the British Academy, Dr Tammy Campbell analysed Reception year admissions to mainstream state schools from 2010-2020 in England using the National Pupil Database census. She concluded that many faith primary schools ‘serve as hubs of relative advantage, seeming disproportionately to serve children from more affluent families and children less likely to have SEND.’
In 2020, Catholic schools admitted to Reception, on average, 24 per cent fewer children with SEND recorded in pre-school than local authority community schools.
Church of England schools that administer their own admissions admitted, on average, 15 per cent fewer children with SEND recorded in pre-school than local authority community schools.
And Church of England schools with centralised local authority admissions admitted, on average, eight per cent fewer children with SEND recorded in pre-school than local authority community schools.
Those with an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP), which is a higher-level SEND funded by local authorities, were also less likely to be admitted to faith schools.
In 2020, Catholic schools admitted, on average, 15 per cent fewer children with higher-level, EHCP SEND than local authority community schools.
Church of England schools that administer their own admissions admitted, on average, 11 per cent fewer children with higher-level, EHCP SEND than local authority community schools.
Church of England schools with centralised local authority admissions admitted, on average, six per cent fewer children with higher-level, EHCP SEND than local authority community schools.
The analysis controls for other school-level factors, and the area in which the school is based.
Dr Campbell’s paper builds on previous research that suggests faith schools tend to educate proportionately fewer children from low-income families, following analysis of those in receipt of Free School Meals (FSM).
Her new analysis shows that when FSM and SEND are analysed together, there is a ‘double effect’. For example, in 2020, a child with SEND and FSM is estimated to have a 22 per cent chance of attending a ‘faith’ school, compared to a 29% chance for a child with no FSM eligibility nor pre-school SEND recorded. Those with an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP), the higher-level SEND funded by local authorities, had a 21 per cent chance.
About 28 per cent of state primary school children in England attend faith schools, predominantly Church of England and Catholic.
Dr Campbell points out that faith schools have consistently been ‘positioned and protected’ by successive recent governments as a public ‘good’: firstly, in terms of providing parents with choice and diversity; and secondly, as superior to non-faith schools in academic provision and ‘raising attainment’.
Dr Campbell commented: “Faith schools have been supported and championed by various politicians, across parties. Their place in the system has been defended against challenges as offering a ‘public good’ and being essential to ‘choice and diversity.’ But this paper highlights the selectivity of many ‘faith’ primary schools in under-serving children with disabilities, as well as reiterating their known under-admittance of children recorded as eligible for FSM. So it emphasises the need to question properly the function of faith schools in contemporary England.”
Serving their communities? The under-admission of children with disabilities and ‘special educational needs’ to ‘faith’ primary schools in England by Dr Tammy Campbell is published in Oxford Review of Education.
Dr Campbell is Visiting Senior Fellow at the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) at LSE.
Faith primary schools admitting fewer children with special educational needs
ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:
Food insecurity doubles rate of severe hypoglycaemia in adults with diabetes
New research being presented at the Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Hamburg, Germany (2-6 Oct) has found that severe hypoglycaemia is more than twice as common among adults with diabetes who struggle to afford food. Severe hypoglycaemia occurs when a person’s blood sugar levels fall to such an extent that it can cause loss of consciousness, seizures, coma and, in rare cases, death. Severe hypoglycaemia is rare in people with diabetes unless they are taking insulin or secretagogues – two commonly prescribed ...
Breastfeeding is associated with lower levels of body fat at the age of nine
New research being presented at the Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Hamburg, Germany (2-6 Oct) has linked infant formula and the early introduction of fizzy drinks with higher levels of body fat later in childhood. Youngsters who were breastfed for at least six months or longer had a lower percentage of body fat by age nine compared to those who did not receive breast milk for six months (a group that includes children who were never breastfed or received breast milk for less than 6 months). Children ...
Exposure to daylight rather than artificial light improves blood sugar control and nutrient use in individuals with type 2 diabetes, small Dutch study finds
Exposure to natural light could help treat and prevent type 2 diabetes, new research being presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Hamburg, Germany (2-6 Oct), suggests. “The misalignment of our internal circadian clock with the demands of a 24/7 society is associated with an increased incidence of metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes,” says Ivo Habets, of Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands, who co-led the research. “Natural daylight is the strongest zeitgeber, or environmental cue, of the circadian ...
Shorter course of radiation therapy is safe for patients with early-stage breast cancer who have undergone mastectomy and reconstruction
Boston – Researchers at Dana-Farber Brigham Cancer Center have found that a shorter course of radiation therapy after mastectomy and breast reconstruction surgery provides the same protection against breast cancer recurrence and equivalent physical side-effects but substantially reduces life disruption and financial burden for patients. The results of the multicenter randomized clinical trial – the FABREC Study (Hypofractionated versus Conventionally Fractionated Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy After Implant-Based Reconstruction) – were presented ...
Short-course radiation as effective as standard treatment for patients who opt for breast reconstruction after mastectomy
SAN DIEGO, October 1, 2023 — In a first-of-its-kind study, people with breast cancer who underwent implant-based breast reconstruction immediately following a mastectomy reported that getting fewer, higher doses of radiation was just as effective as standard radiation, did not increase side effects and saved them time and money. There also was a small improvement in quality of life for women under 45 who received the shortened treatment regimen. The FABREC study is the first prospective randomized study comparing quality-of-life and clinical outcomes following accelerated versus conventional radiation therapy specifically for patients with ...
Sexual activity and vaginal dilation associated with fewer side effects after cervical cancer treatment
SAN DIEGO, October 1, 2023 — People who engage in sexual activity or vaginal dilation after chemoradiation treatment for cervical cancer are at lower risk for long-term side effects, according to a new study from researchers in Austria. Findings of the EMBRACE study will be presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting. “Curing cancer is always our first priority,” said lead study author Kathrin Kirchheiner, MSc, PhD, a clinical psychologist in the department of radiation oncology at the Medical University of Vienna. “But with a growing number of relatively young cervical cancer survivors, ...
High-dose radiation offers new treatment option for older patients with inoperable kidney tumors
SAN DIEGO, October 1, 2023 — Older adults diagnosed with kidney tumors that are not suitable for surgery may benefit from targeted, high-dose radiation, a new study from Australian and Dutch researchers suggests. A multi-institutional phase II study – TransTasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) FASTRACK II – found 100% local control and cancer-specific survival for longer than three years among patients who were treated non-invasively for inoperable kidney cancer with stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR). Findings will be presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) ...
Liquid biopsies can rapidly detect residual disease following cervical chemoradiation, study finds
SAN DIEGO, October 1, 2023 — Two liquid biopsy tests that look for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the blood accurately identified patients with a high risk of cervical cancer recurrence after the completion of chemoradiation, a new study confirms. Findings will be presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting. The study compared two novel tests – a digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR) test and a sequencing test for genetic material from HPV, the main cause of cervical cancer – and found they were equally effective at identifying residual disease in the blood of patients who ...
Metaphors for human fertilization are evolving, study shows
New Haven, Conn. — In a common metaphor used to describe human fertilization, sperm cells are competitors racing to penetrate a passive egg. But as critics have noted, the description is also a “fairy tale,” rooted in cultural beliefs about masculinity and femininity. A new study by Yale sociologist Rene Almeling provides evidence that this metaphor remains widely used despite the profound shift in recent decades in social and scientific views about gender, sex, and sexuality. But her findings, based ...
Study suggests threshold for type 2 diabetes diagnosis in women under 50 years should be lowered
New research to be presented at this year’s Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Hamburg, Germany (2-6 October) and published in the journal Diabetes Therapy suggests that the diagnosis threshold for type 2 diabetes (T2D) should be lowered in women aged under 50 years, since natural blood loss through menstruation could be affecting their blood sugar management. The study is by Dr Adrian Heald, Salford Royal Hospital, UK, and colleagues. Analysis of the national diabetes ...