(Press-News.org) A University of Texas at Arlington researcher is working to optimize supply chain management to allow for flexibility from forces outside the supply chain, such as policy changes that can cause major disruptions.
Linda Wang, assistant professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department at UTA, has earned a five-year, $503,000 Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER) grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for her research. CAREER awards are the NSF’s most prestigious honor for early-career faculty members.
Current supply chain analysis tools rely on static optimization and are inflexible when policy changes or other outside elements disrupt the chain. When an issue arises, the supply chain must be redone.
Wang hopes to introduce optimal network control concepts that allow dynamic management of the supply chain, enabling agile reaction to changes and effective decision-making. With static optimization, users assume all of the variables and try to control them; if the parameters change, they have to redo the process.
Wang is testing her dynamic system to see if it will allow users to adjust on the run to save time and money. The dynamic process also helps with sustainability, since it can connect multiple layers of the supply chain that appear separate but may share common segments.
“The main selling point is that the dynamic model bridges two worlds,” Wang said. “Supply chain management works with business, but it’s not engineered to be systematic. Optimal control will save lots of money in determining the correct portfolio and how to manage it. It can connect the producer with the receiver and accomplish both tasks more efficiently.
“People have realized that what they were doing doesn’t always work. When supply and demand or needs change, it can affect supply chain networks. People are thinking of alternatives, and we’re lucky to be in a position to show that our model works well enough to be applied in real life.”
Written by Jeremy Agor, College of Engineering END
Early career honor for Wang
UTA research earns grant to dynamically optimize supply chain management
ELSE PRESS RELEASES FROM THIS DATE:
New animal welfare scoring system could enable better-informed food and farming choices
Cambridge University scientists have come up with a system of measuring animal welfare that enables reliable comparison across different types of pig farming. This means that animal welfare can now, for the first time, be properly considered alongside other impacts of farming to help identify which farming systems are best. This is vital for improving animal welfare in livestock production, at a time when demand for meat is rising globally and the way animals are farmed is changing - with concerns about the welfare of intensive and indoor systems. Animal welfare assessments could also enable consumers to be better informed when choosing what to eat. Britain ...
Science journals update guidelines after study highlights incomplete reporting of research
Several scientific journals have amended their submission guidelines after an analysis identified numerous research studies that had been published with crucial information missing. The finding emerged from an analysis by academics at the University of Cambridge, which reviewed reports from trials evaluating new school-based programmes to increase the amount of children’s physical exercise. It found that 98% of these reports left out key details about how teachers had been trained to deliver the interventions. The trial reports ...
Study shows ‘obesity paradox’ does not exist: waist-to-height ratio is a better indicator of outcomes in patients with heart failure than BMI
New research has debunked the idea that there is an “obesity paradox”, whereby patients with heart failure who are overweight or obese are thought to be less likely to end up in hospital or die than people of normal weight. The study, which is published in the European Heart Journal  today (Wednesday), shows that if doctors measure the ratio of waist to height of their patients, rather than looking at their body mass index (BMI), the supposed survival advantage for people with a BMI of 25kg/m2 or more disappears. The “obesity paradox” relates to counter-intuitive findings suggesting that, although people are at greater risk of developing ...
The devil is in the details: Re-imagining fertilizer precursor synthesis
Osaka, Japan – The Haber–Bosch reaction helps feed the world by converting nitrogen into ammonia, a fertilizer precursor. However, its carbon footprint is huge: this one reaction is the source of nearly 2% of global carbon emissions. Now, in a study recently published in ACS Energy Letters, researchers from Osaka University have helped re-imagine this reaction to improve the sustainability of the chemical industry. Replacing the Haber–Bosch reaction with a more sustainable alternative has been an active area of research for many years. These efforts have led to a globally well-established electrochemical reaction for ammonia ...
Unmasking the secret of broadly neutralising COVID-19 therapeutic antibodies
The rapid evolution and emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants, such as the Omicron variant, renders it highly capable of evading the host immunity. At the same time, vaccines based on original wild-type strain of SARS CoV-2 shows reduced protection against newer variants, particularly for the Omicron variant. This results in break-through infections among those vaccinated and highly infectious among non-vaccinated individuals. Thus, it remains uncertain whether new emerging variants of the COVID-19 disease can escape the protective immune response ...
BetaLife and A*STAR Collaborate to develop next generation cell-based therapy for diabetes treatment
Up-and-coming local biotech startup BetaLife Pte Ltd (“BetaLife”) is collaborating with the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) to accelerate the development of next generation cell-based therapy for diabetes. BetaLife, a stem cell therapy company focused on developing regenerative medicine for diabetes, has acquired the rights to human induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC) technology from A*STAR. This technology enables the generation of iPSCs, which are cells that have similar properties to embryonic ...
Endangered vulture returns to Bulgaria after being extinct for 36 years
The Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus) - also known as Black Vulture, Monk Vulture or Eurasian Black Vulture - is the largest bird of prey in Europe. Globally classified as Near Threatened, its populations in southern Europe, once abundant, have been experiencing a dramatic decline since the late 1800s. So dramatic, in fact, that by the mid-1900s, these birds had already been nowhere to be seen throughout most of their distributional range across the Old Continent. In Bulgaria, the species has been considered locally extinct since 1985. Thanks to the re-introduction initiative that was started in 2015 by three Bulgarian non-governmental organisations: ...
Nine in 10 women enter pregnancy with at least one indicator that risks baby’s health
Nine in ten women in England enter pregnancy with at least one indicator that may increase health risks to them and their baby, according to new research. Common indicators were women not quitting smoking, failing to take folic acid before pregnancy or having a previous pregnancy loss. Researchers from the NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, hosted by University Hospital Southampton and University of Southampton, analysed data from over 650,000 mothers. They created a first national picture of women’s health before ...
CABBI/GLBRC team explores leaf microbiome in perennial bioenergy crops
"Have you ever wondered about life on a leaf?" Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) researcher Ashley Shade asks a simple question, but it’s one well worth investigation. The aboveground part of plants where microbes reside, or the phyllosphere, represents the largest environmental surface area on the plant. Much of this area is grown as cultivated agriculture, and understanding the interactions between plants and the microorganisms that live on their surfaces may help us develop agricultural management practices that can increase crop productivity and resilience. In their newly published study, Department ...
Turn off porch light to aid caterpillars — and safeguard backyard ecosystems
ITHACA, N.Y. – Moderate levels of artificial light at night – like the fixture illuminating your backyard – bring more caterpillar predators and reduce the chance that these lepidoptera larvae grow up to become moths and serve as food for larger prey. This ecological impact was demonstrated in a new Cornell University study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. The scientists placed more than 550 lifelike caterpillar replicas made of soft clay in a forest, setting to ascertain how the mockups were attacked and hunted by predators compared to a control group. “We measured predation ...
LAST 30 PRESS RELEASES:
Atlantic Ocean near Bermuda is warmer and more acidic than ever, 40 years of observation show
Battle of the AIs in medical research: ChatGPT vs Elicit
Aston University research finds peer support vital for those taking medication for severe mental illness
Even small amounts of physical activity could be valuable in late-stage lung cancer
Telehealth mindfulness-oriented recovery enhancement vs usual care in individuals with opioid use disorder and pain
First international expert and patient collaboration recommends changes to development, assessment, and approval of mental health medicines for young people
Virtual reality simulations can help autistic people complete real-world tasks, MU study finds
First hints of nuclear fission in cosmos revealed by models, observations
UTA to train interdisciplinary researchers in mathematics for human health
Reimagining the urban jungle: Young Faculty Award supports Zhou’s eco-minded plan
Vocal Fry: A sonic feature of a diverse city #Acoustics23
Automated system teaches users when to collaborate with an AI assistant
CCNY team develops pioneering indoor navigation system
SLAC brings rapid-fire laser and target expertise to national fusion energy research hubs
Cooling down the hot takes on Twitch
Study: How farmers decide to store or sell their grain
Black patients less likely to get referral for home health care after hospital stay
Damon Runyon launches post-baccalaureate research internship
The Morton Arboretum tree root scientist recognized as top-cited researcher
Discrimination during pregnancy may alter circuits in infants’ brains
Wayne State University announces creation of two research centers and institutes that aim to impact the health of Detroiters and beyond
New method is better able to map immune response and paves way for new treatments
Researchers reveal uncharted liver-focused pathway in gene therapy immune responses
Virtualware and Kessler Foundation renew collaboration in groundbreaking spatial neglect research
New HS curriculum teaches color chemistry and AI simultaneously
Bering secures FDA clearance for AI-based chest X-ray triage solution
Molecular fossils shed light on ancient life
Honeyguide birds learn distinct signals made by honey hunters from different cultures
Two studies demonstrate on-demand quantum entanglement in ultracold molecules
Trees in wetter forests more sensitive to drought than trees in drier regions – a finding with policy implications[Press-News.org] Early career honor for Wang
UTA research earns grant to dynamically optimize supply chain management