- Press Release Distribution

Dr. Arati Dasgupta honored by the Nuclear and Plasma Science Society

Dr. Arati Dasgupta honored by the Nuclear and Plasma Science Society
( WASHINGTON  –  U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) plasma physicist, Arati Dasgupta, Ph.D., head, Radiation Hydrodynamics Branch, Plasma Physics Division, receives the 2024 IEEE Plasma Science and Applications Committee (PSAC) Award for her fundamental contributions to, and leadership of, high energy density plasma, atomic, and radiation physics, fusion applications, and service to the plasma science community.

Presented by the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society, the PSAC Award recognizes outstanding contributions to the field of plasma science and engineering. Dasgupta is the 37th winner of the PSAC Award — one of three women ever to receive — and the fifth recipient from NRL’s Plasma Physics Division.
"Dr. Arati Dasgupta is an outstanding candidate and exceptionally well deserving of the IEEE Plasma Science and Application Award," said Alexander L. Velikovich, Ph.D., senior scientist, NRL Radiation Physics and High Energy Density Matter Plasma Physics Division. "Her excellent theoretical work and superb leadership in the international plasma science and applications community earned this distinction."
Dasgupta pioneered the development of theoretical and computational models to compute the most accurate atomic cross-sections published to date that agree remarkably well with current measurements.
These models include state-specific dielectronic recombination data for simulating accurate ionization abundances and plasma diagnostics. Her atomic data was vital for a broad range of applications, from modeling the streams of energetic particles arriving from the Sun during intense solar activity to produce X-ray radiation that damages satellites, and possible harm to astronauts in orbit, to the development of excimer and X-ray lasers.
Dasgupta is internationally recognized as an expert in the field of radiation physics and high energy density (HED) materials, leading collaborative work with laboratories and universities worldwide. Her expertise in atomic and plasma modeling and spectroscopy, and her significant contributions in analyzing HED radiation source development and inertial confinement fusion experiments at major laboratories have led to a multitude of long-standing collaborations and publications. Dasgupta successfully applied her fundamental atomic, collisional, and radiative models to analyze and diagnose plasmas produced in inertial confinement fusion X-ray-driven capsule implosions on the National Ignition Facility — the world’s highest-energy laser, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, which recently achieved the controlled thermonuclear fusion ignition for the first time. Her contributions were vital for developing the highest-yield Z-pinch plasma X-ray radiation sources on the Z-facility — the world’s most powerful mega-Ampere current driver, at Sandia National Laboratories.
Graduating from the University of Maryland, College Park, Dasgupta received her Bachelor of Science with honors (1973) and Master of Science (1976) in physics leading to a doctorate (1983) in atomic physics. She joined NRL in 1986 as a research physicist in the Radiation Hydrodynamics Branch, Plasma Physics Division, to become head of the Atomic Physics and Ionization Kinetics Section in 2015, and branch head in 2020.
In 2010 Dasgupta was elected Fellow of the American Physical Society upon the recommendation of its Division of Plasma Physics for her contributions to the theory of electron collisions with atoms and ions, and their applications to gaseous electronics, short laser pulses, inertial confinement fusion and astrophysical plasmas. Also in 2010, along with colleagues from Sandia and NRL, she shared the 2010 Department of Energy (DoE) Defense Programs Award of Excellence for increased cold X-ray source yields, improved source characterization and debris mitigation techniques to qualify stockpile components on the refurbished Z-machine.
In 2014, Dasgupta was elected a Fellow of Washington Academy of Science. As a trailblazer and role model recognized nationwide, Dasgupta was invited by Yale University, among 35 highly successful physicists, engineers and chemists, to contribute a chapter about her personal experience to a book titled “Blazing the Trail; Essays by Leading Women in Science,” published in 2013. The impact and remarkable quality of Dasgupta's technical work is highly valued, corroborated by the invitation to be a member of the Plasma 2020 Decadal Study committee for the National Academy of Sciences, which was a report on the current status, challenges and future directions of plasma science and technology.
Dasgupta's leadership is also acknowledged broadly, resulting in requests for her participation in strategic planning reports for DoE's HED Physics and DoE's Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, and frequent proposal reviews for NSF and DoE.
Throughout her career, Dasgupta has been a staunch advocate for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education, exemplified by her dedication as a mentor and role model for younger scientists, women, and underrepresented communities and her passion for opportunities to share her research and educate others.
For many years, she was the leader of the NRL Division of Plasma Physics mentor program, president of the NRL WISE (Women in Science and Engineering) chapter, and has also been heavily engaged in outreach activities at national and international conferences through IEEE Women in Engineering (WIE), WISE, and chair of the APS Division of Plasma Physics Women in Plasma Physics Committee, organizing many events and serving on several panels at conferences for WIE and WISE.
The Awards will be recognized and bestowed during the ICOPS 2024 Banquet on Wednesday, June 19, 2024 at Beijing International Convention Center, Beijing.
About the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory
NRL is a scientific and engineering command dedicated to research that drives innovative advances for the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps from the seafloor to space and in the information domain. NRL is located in Washington, D.C. with major field sites in Stennis Space Center, Mississippi; Key West, Florida; Monterey, California, and employs approximately 3,000 civilian scientists, engineers and support personnel.
For more information, contact NRL Corporate Communications at (202) 480-3746 or 


[Attachments] See images for this press release:
Dr. Arati Dasgupta honored by the Nuclear and Plasma Science Society


All-cash home buyers pay 10% less than mortgage buyers

Owning a home has long been considered a crucial way to build wealth, but making such a purchase has become increasingly difficult for many residents. In addition to steep housing prices and high interest rates, there have been a growing number of all-cash buyers who can close a deal quickly, beating out competing offers from buyers who need to finance their home with a mortgage. The convenience and certainty of all-cash offers appeals to sellers so much so, that they pay on average 10 % less than mortgage buyers, according to a new study from the University of California San Diego Rady School of Management. “When sellers accept a mortgage offer, it comes with risk,” said Michael ...

Must mRNA be cloaked in a lipid coat to serve as a vaccine?

Must mRNA be cloaked in a lipid coat to serve as a vaccine?
The Uchida Laboratory (Lab Head: Prof. Satoshi Uchida, Department of Advanced Nanomedical Engineering, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University; abbreviated as TMDU) of Innovation Center of NanoMedicine (Center Director: Prof. Kazunori Kataoka, Location: Kawasaki, Japan; abbreviated as iCONM) has demonstrated that intradermal administration of mRNA alone (naked mRNA) without protected by nanoparticles induced robust vaccination against SARS CoV-2, a virus causing COVID-19, in mice and primates, ...

Infant gut microbes have their own circadian rhythm, and diet has little impact on how the microbiome assembles

Infant gut microbes have their own circadian rhythm, and diet has little impact on how the microbiome assembles
Infant gut microbiomes oscillate with a circadian rhythm, even when they are cultivated outside of the body. Researchers report April 2 in the journal Cell Host & Microbe that the rhythm is detectable as early as 2 weeks after birth but becomes more pronounced with age. The finding comes from a randomized controlled trial that also showed that diet has less impact on the development and composition of the infant microbiome than previously thought. “We found that even at very early ages of colonization, the microbial ecosystem develops this circadian rhythmicity,” ...

New study finds triple-negative breast cancer tumors with an increase in immune cells have lower risk of recurrence after surgery

ROCHESTER, Minn. — A new multicenter, international study suggests that people who have early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and high levels of immune cells within their tumors may have a lower risk of recurrence and better survival rates even when not treated with chemotherapy. The study was published in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA). TNBC is a breast cancer subtype that does not respond to drugs that target the estrogen receptor or the HER2 protein. It grows rapidly, is more likely to spread beyond the breast before diagnosis ...

New insights into how tumors on adrenal glands develop

New insights into how tumors on adrenal glands develop
Fukuoka, Japan—Researchers from Kyushu University's Faculty of Medical Sciences report on new insights into the mechanisms of how adrenal gland tumors are formed. The team identified a new type of tumor cell population that they termed 'steroids-producing nodules' or SPNs, that exhibits the unique characteristic of producing two different hormones. Specific structures in SPNs were found to lead to cortisol-producing adenomas, or CPAs, noncancerous tumors that produce excessive cortisol. Their findings, published in eBioMedicine, ...

Ask Chat GPT about your radiation oncology treatment

  · AI responses to common patient questions were on par or exceeded answers from professional societies · Goal also to reduce clinician workload and burnout · More than 60% of cancer patients require radiation oncology treatment CHICAGO --- Cancer patients about to undergo radiation oncology treatment have lots of questions. Could ChatGPT be the best way to get answers? A new Northwestern Medicine study tested a specially designed ChatGPT to see if it could successfully provide answers to patients’ common questions about radiation oncology. Patients may be too overwhelmed to address all their concerns during a clinical visit ...

Surveillance colonoscopy findings in older adults with a history of colorectal adenomas

About The Study: In this study of 9,740 surveillance colonoscopies among 9,601 adults ages 70 to 85 with prior colorectal adenoma, colorectal cancer detection was rare regardless of prior adenoma finding, whereas the advanced neoplasia yield was 12% overall. Yields were higher among those with a prior advanced adenoma than among those with prior nonadvanced adenoma and did not increase significantly with age. These findings can help inform whether to continue surveillance colonoscopy in older adults.  Authors: Jeffrey K. Lee, M.D., M.P.H., of Kaiser Permanente Northern California in Oakland, is the corresponding author.   To access the embargoed study: ...

Metabolic profile and long-term risk of depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders

About The Study: High levels of glucose and triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein were associated with future risk of depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders in this study of more than 200,000 participants. These findings may support closer follow-up of individuals with metabolic dysregulations for the prevention and diagnosis of psychiatric disorders.  Authors: Charilaos Chourpiliadis, M.D., of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, is the corresponding ...

Wound treatment gel fights the battle against antibacterial resistance

Wound treatment gel fights the battle against antibacterial resistance
WASHINGTON, April 2, 2024 – Hydrogels are popular for use in skin ailments and tissue engineering. These polymer-based biocompatible materials are useful for their abilities to retain water, deliver drugs into wounds, and biodegrade. However, they are complicated to manufacture and not very resilient to external forces like rubbing against clothing, sheets, or wound dressings. They are also not inherently able to battle bacterial infections, so they are often infused with antimicrobial drugs or metal ions, which can ...

Finding the connective tissue of soft materials

The human body uses adhesion to hold itself together. For example, a tendon attaches muscle to bone, while connective tissue attaches muscle to skin.  Hydrogel-based soft materials are based on these biomimetic mechanical behaviors, which makes them a revolutionary design of biomedical implants, human-machine interfaces, and bio-inspired soft robots. However, there are limitations to overcome before they are able to fully replace commonly used hard materials.  Qihan Liu, assistant professor of mechanical and materials ...


Artificial intelligence outperforms clinical tests at predicting progress of Alzheimer’s disease

ReMDO announces inaugural Piedmont Triad Regenerative Medicine Engine Ecosystem Summit in Winston-Salem, North Carolina

HarvestHub app tackles supply chain, food insecurity issues

Mathematics outreach program awarded Dolciani grant

Groundbreaking study reveals insights into Alzheimer's disease mechanisms through novel hydrogel matrix

Study examines urban forests across the United States

2023 Rolling Hills Estates landslide likely began the winter before

Rutgers researchers spot potential hazard with private well water treatment

When to trust an AI model

Research shows gamified investment sites have risks for novice investors

Specially equipped natural killer cells show effectiveness against the most common form of ovarian cancer

Entering the golden age for antibody-drug conjugates in gynecologic cancer

Judge: Texas university must release records on research study that resulted in deaths of dozens of animals

UMass Amherst food scientist rises to the challenge of giving marbled fatty feel and taste to plant-based meat

Complex impact of large wildfires on ozone layer dynamics unveiled by new study

Brain inflammation triggers muscle weakness after infections

Research alert: All stem cell therapies are not created equal

Complex impact of large wildfires on ozone layer dynamics

AI found to boost individual creativity – at the expense of less varied content

Texas A&M research collaboration uncovers how domestic rabbits become feral in the wild

Scientists find new way global air churn makes particles

Researchers discover a new neural biomarker for OCD

Vivid portrait of interacting galaxies marks Webb’s second anniversary

UMass Amherst awarded $2.1 million to advance the science of engagement in community-academic research partnerships

With gene editing, mice with a form of inherited deafness can hear again

Sant Pau researchers discover a new gene that causes ALS

Synthetic biology reveals the secrets of life without oxygen

UC3M student startup, Solaris Vita, awarded in Europe's largest entrepreneurship competition

How plant cold specialists can adapt to the environment

Biomarkers reveal how patients with glaucoma may respond to treatment

[] Dr. Arati Dasgupta honored by the Nuclear and Plasma Science Society